Old age, survival and disability (OASDI)
The federal old-age, survivors, and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI) is the official name for Social Security in the United States. The OASDI tax noted in its salary funds this comprehensive federal benefits program that provides benefits to retirees and the disabled and individuals to their spouses, children, and survivors. The goal of the program is to partially replace income that is lost due to old age, the death of a spouse, or qualifying ex-spouse, or disability.1 Key Points of the Federal OASDI program is the official name of Social Security.It offers benefits to retired and disabled people.OASDI taxes, also known as payroll taxes, FICA fund program.The monthly payment amount of an individual is based on their income during their working years. along with the population and economy of the United States. In 1940, around 222,000 people received an average monthly benefit of $ 22.60.6 as of December 2020, the figure was almost 70 million. For 2021, the average monthly benefit is $ 1,543.7 8 OASDI payroll tax payments to eligible individuals are funded through OASDI taxes, which are payroll taxes collected by the government known as FICA taxes ( abbreviation for Federal Insurance Law Contributions) and SECA taxes (short for the Self-Employed Contribution Law). In 2021 the Social Security tax rate is 6.2% for employees and 12.4% for self-employed.7 These revenues are held in two trust funds: Old Age and Survivors Insurance (ASI) Trust Fund for RetirementThe Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund for Disability9 These trusts pay benefits and invest the rest of the income they collect. There is a limit to the annual earnings for which Social Security tax is paid. In 2021, the maximum taxable earnings is $ 142,800.7 SAMSD Criteria Program The OASDI program provides payments to individuals who meet certain criteria. For old-age payments, money is paid to qualifying people starting as early as age 62. Full retirement age depends on the date of birth and is 67 for all those born in 1960 or later.10 Qualifying people who wait until 70 years (but not more) to start collecting benefits can collect higher, The maximum benefits due to delayed retirement credits.11 payments are calculated based on the wages of people earned while they were of working age. Surviving payments are made to eligible surviving spouses or children of deceased workers or retired workers.12 disability payments are made to eligible individuals who are no longer in a position to participate in a substantially paid activity and who meet additional criteria.13 To qualify for retirement benefits, a worker must be fully insured. A worker can become fully insured by accumulating credits (also called quarters) of coverage. Credits or quarters are accrued based on covered wages earned during a specified period. In 2021, a quarter of the coverage is given to one worker for every $ 1,470 earned. The dollar amount is indexed every few years for inflation. A worker can earn up to four credits or quarters each year, and 40 credits are required to qualify for benefits.